Speaking at the Federalist Society's 2011 Natioinal Lawyers Convention, former attorney general Michael Mukasey spoke about the challenge of fighting Islamic terrorism. Discussing the relationship among, Sharia, Islam, and democracy, he recommended Abdullah Saeed's article "The Islamic Case for Religious Liberty," which appears in the November edition of First Things magazine. Sultan of Oman Professor of Arab and Islamic Studies at the University of Melbourne, Saeed begins:
The words of the Qur’an and hadith contain rich resources for supporting the democratic order. If Muslims are to embrace modernity, including life in a pluralistic, democratic society, without abandoning their faith, they must take up the argument for religious liberty that is embedded in their history and that stands at the center of their most sacred texts.
Although the broad thrust of the Qur’an and hadith supports religious liberty, many parts of these texts can be, and traditionally have been, interpreted as denying it.